) Items you wear are not included in the above totals, nor is food weight (estimated at 1.5 to 2.0 pounds per day, per hiker) or water (which adds 3-7 pounds per hiker).
the three heaviest things are your backpack, tent, and sleeping bag, so if you want to save a lot of weight invest in these items.
For extended treks the internal frame pack should have a volume over 3,000 cubic inches (50 liters), but less than 4,200 cubic inches (70 liters).
Waterproof Pack Cover needs to be large enough to protect items strapped to the exterior of the pack.
A couple of large garbage bags may be suitable for summer hiking in the Sierras, but if multiple rainy days are anticipated a dedicated pack cover is better.
Save weight by building your own First Aid kit with a Ziplock bag and supplies.
Water Bottles: Two wide mouth plastic water bottles (32 ounce size) that fit inside the larger side pocket of most packs are great but their are lighter options.
Note: sleeping bags should not be stored in the stuff-sack at home, as this will mat the filling, causing a reduction in loft, and thus warmth.
Bags are best stored in “cloth storage bags” or left laying as loose as possible.
Self-inflating pads are not good for Scouts because they can be punctured.
A “backpacker’s pillow” is an optional added piece of comfort, or you can use your sleeping bag’s stuff sack filled with your fleece jacket and a tee shirt as a pillow case.
It is even possible to be less than the “Low End Weight”, which is what you should be striving to make.