Consisting of 32 letters, the Farsi language alphabet has added some letters to the basic Arabic alphabet in order to convey certain sounds not found as commonly in the Arabic language.Farsi is written in a flowing Perso-Arabic script that reads from right to left.Other countries in which Farsi is spoken include Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Iraq.
Modern Farsi is a direct descendent of the Old and Middle Persian languages, and developed around 950 AD.
Since then, it has served as the predominant language throughout the area of Persia.
Dating from approximately 300 BC to 950 AD, Middle Persian developed around the same time as a number of other Middle Iranian languages, including Parthian, which is believed to have been very similar.
The modern Farsi (or Modern Persian) language we know today developed from the Middle Persian and is believed to have developed by the 9th century.
Changes were seen in the Middle Persian as the language picked up influences from other Iranian languages, which were developing in the Middle Period.
Of all the Iranian languages, Persian is the only one definitively known to have existed throughout all three phases of the Iranian language group’s development – Old, Middle, and New.In some cases, diacritic marks – dots over the letter that convey a certain sound – are added; however, this is generally done only by children or by older people who are learning Farsi as a foreign language.There have been standardization movements to translate the written Farsi language into a Latin alphabet that can be understood by people unfamiliar with the Farsi language alphabet.The Farsi language, also known as the Persian language, is the most-widely spoken of all the Indo-Iranian languages.An estimated 40 million people in Iran alone claim Farsi as a native language.A more recent effort at a Latin-based Farsi alphabet is evident in the International Persian Alphabet, or Parsik, developed by the linguist A. Although a number of such efforts have been made, there is no standardized form of the Farsi language written with a Latin-based alphabet.