Also, the students in this study were asked to report on one-time occurrences of violence, rather than on repeated patterns or bullying. study found fairly high rates of occurrence of violent incidents, with a wide range of violent incidents being reported, from being threatened to harassed to having lunch money taken, to being threatened with a weapon.
Patterns of bullying and victimization are very different for boys and girls.
Victims tend to lack assertive responses to peer aggression, and they tend to be low on skills for making friends.
They generally do not retaliate when they are picked on, so that they come to be seen as "safe" targets for bullying. Most of us can recall episodes of bullying that we or our classmates were subjected to during our school years.
It appears that bullies tend to come from homes where aggressive strategies to conflict resolution is modelled, although more research needs to be done on this connection.
Victims tend to be timid and, in the case of boys, tend to be physically weaker and less skilled than bullies.
A large proportion of the bullied children in the lower grades reported being bullied by older children.
This again underlines the role of power differentials in bullying.He has concluded that girls are more likely to use indirect, subtle, social means to harass other girls.He refers to behaviour such as social exclusion, manipulation of friendship relationships, spreading rumours, etc.The great majority of boys who were bullied (80 per cent) were bullied only by boys.This shows that it is boys who are more likely to be the perpetrators of what Olweus calls "direct" bullying, that is, bullying which involves direct physical or verbal attacks.Olweus and colleagues have found that the percentage of students who report being victims of bullying decreases with age, over grades 2 to 9.